What is the difference between a Police Constable and a POLICE OFFICER?
In essence the fundamental differences are this: A Police Constable has a duty to uphold the Common Law and keep the peace. Whilst a POLICE OFFICERS job is to essentially generate income for his company by enforcing Act’s, Statutes, Rules and Regulations which are collectively known as Legislation.
So when we encounter the Police we must first ask them for their warrant card. In theory us sighting their ID should put them under their oath for this matter; however we all know the Police are not always 100% honest, so unless you’re filming the encounter don’t assume they are.
Public Servants serve the Private Sovereigns who, having formed the institution of a freely-elected unincorporated government for the benefit of the People, are governed by their consent.
The institution of a freely-elected government automatically forms a Trust in Common Law, with the People as Beneficiaries, and their Public Servants as Trustees. The Public Servants have a Fiduciary Duty to serve the Beneficiaries of the Trust.
Many Public Servants swear a Oath of Office to serve “according to law”, which is the de jure Common Law, also know as the “Law of the Land”. Public Servants do not swear an Oath to serve in de facto Admiralty Maritime commerce, also known as the “Law of the Sea”. However, members of the private Bar Association swear an Oath to serve the Bar Association, which presents a conflict of interest in matters of government and justice. This subversion of the Common Law courts supports the crime of “personage”, knowingly representing a living man or woman as a legal fiction – a form of corporation, such as an “artificial person”, trust, public utility, or foundation. “Personage” is committed by deceptively “mirroring” the NAME, causing unwitting “joinder” to a legal fiction, and it is perpetuated by “barratry”, the crime of bringing false claims in court. The term “barratry”, appropriately, comes from the “Bar Association”.
Your Public Servants include all Officers of the Law. Most front-line “Police Officers”, however, perform two roles:
As Peace Officers they swear an Oath of Office to keep the peace “according to law”, which is the de jure Common Law Jurisdiction, also known as the “Law of the Land”. As such, they have a Fiduciary Duty to serve and protect the living people. Peace Officers swear an Oath of Office to “keep the peace”, and are protected by a Public Bond, having Limited liability.
As Policy Officers they enforce statutes, which prescribe the legal terms and conditions of contracts with penalties etc., in the de facto Admiralty Maritime Jurisdiction, also known as the “Law of the Sea”. This role dominates their training and time. Policy Officers do NOT swear an Oath to “enforce statutes”, and are NOT protected by a Public Bond, having Unlimited full commercial liability.
“Police Officers” are either “on duty”, under Oath, and “in the public”, or “off duty”, not under Oath, and “in the private”. Conducting private commerce for YOURNATION (INC.) in Admiralty Maritime Jurisdiction is not part of the sworn duty of a “Police Officer”. An Officer conducting private commerce in support of the debt-money system of bonded debtism can be described as a private mercenary abdicating their Oath.
“Police Officers”, or Policy Enforcement Officers, have NO JURISDICTION over any living, breathing man or woman unless that man or woman consents to that jurisdiction.
All legal jurisdiction over a man or woman requires their consent, and so all presentments from of a “Police Officer” are a “service” offered by “consent”.
The police cannot stop you, question you, detain you, arrest you, search you, or charge you, without your consent, if there is no victim. Ultimately, the “administrative courts” cannot fine you or imprison you without your consent. But if at any point you “understand” (stand under their authority), agree to anything, or give them the artificial legal “person” NAME, you are consenting.
THE TWO BASIC TYPES OF ENCOUNTERS:
1. Consensual, in which you are free to leave at any time.
2. Detention/Seizure/Arrest, in which you are held by “an assertion of authority”, or by physical restraint, against your will.
In any detention/seizure/arrest the “Peace Officer” MUST have “probable cause” and/or a “reasonable suspicion” that you are committing, or are about to commit, a CRIME against a victim. The accuser bears the burden of proof to reasonably establish your CRIME.
In any detention/seizure/arrest the “Police Officer” MUST establish that you are “acting” in “joinder” to an artificial legal “person” NAME created by the State and controlled by statutes. The Officer bears the burden of establishing your freely given CONSENT.
A “Police Officer” who stops you in the course of your lawful business, without your consent, or “articulable probable cause”, is assailing you.
We are all born equal in standing to any other man or woman, and therefore no power can be granted over you without our consent. To believe otherwise is to be a slave. Our Right to Contract, or Not to Contract, is INVIOLABLE and UNLIMITED.
There is a presumption that you give up your Right of Consent when a government is elected. However, voting does not contractually surrender your inherent right to self-determination until the next election. By voting, you simply help decide which political party will form the Executive, giving that party a conditional mandate to govern subject to your consent.
Since the government is a creation of the people, it cannot possibly have jurisdiction over its creators, unless by consent. Each and every statute enacted by government legislation requires consent from each and every man and woman, including you!
But consent is given in many ways, often unknowingly. The definition of the word “consent” includes to “yield” and to “give way to”. The moment you agree to anything you are asked to do, you are giving your consent. If you get a parking ticket it is an invitation to pay, and if you pay it you are consenting to the ticket contract. Even the Police need your consent. Before an officer can arrest you they must read you your rights and then ask “do you understand” (stand under their authority), and if you say “yes” – you are consenting.
All statutes, codes, rules, regulations, and so-called by-“laws”, are commercial contracts written by your government that require your informed consent. Any State document requiring a signature is a contract by consent. If you do not consent to a statutory contract, it is not enforceable on you.
Any attempt to make you consent is coercion. Any threat to make you “sign” a contract is extortion. Any “legal person actor” who attempts to compel you into “joinder” to the legal fiction “artificial person” without the “full disclosure” of any information that may influence your decision whether or not to consent, commits a “Crime involving deceit”, under MOST COUNTRIES Crimes Act.
When “acting” in the “role” of an “artificial person” we are contracting to give a “performance”.
An “artificial person” is a fictional creation of the State, and therefore it is controlled by the State. The legal fiction “person” is the government’s property, employee, servant, franchise, debtor, surety for liabilities, bound to comply with the government’s statutes (acts, bills, rules and legislative instruments), which are the “terms and conditions” of that “status”.
Fictional creatures of the State have “status”, whereas living men and women with flesh and blood arms and legs have “standing”. The “artificial person” has no “standing”. The entire concept of fictional entities is an abstraction of the mind. It is an illusion that depends utterly upon your consent. It is un-natural, and joining to a fiction is a deadly corruption of life.
Maxim of Law:Disparata non debent jungi.Unequal things ought not to be joined.“Inasmuch as every government is an artificial person, an abstraction, and a creature of the mind only, a government can interface only with other artificial persons. The imaginary, having neither actuality nor substance, is foreclosed from creating and attaining parity with the tangible. The legal manifestation of this is that no government, as well as any [government] law, agency, aspect, court, etc. can concern itself with anything other than corporate, artificial persons and the contracts between them.” Penhallow v. Doane’s Administrators
Note. A government as an artificial person is created by incorporation, a process of legalisation through registration into the legal fiction system of commerce.]The word person is a derivative of persona, which is a theatrical “mask” worn by actors in Greek drama. “Persons” are “actors” often “performing” roles in “costumes” (uniforms) who enact “language” (legalese) to deliver “presentations” (bills), and sometimes they “appear” in a court (theatre).
Any living man or woman who consents (knowingly or unknowingly) to “act” in the “role” of an “artificial person” is an “accommodation party” in “joinder” to the “artificial person”. This “joinder” creates an inferior “indivisible duo” (individual), surrendering the living jurisdiction (de jure lawful), and replacing it with the statutory jurisdiction (de facto legal).
“Joinder” to an “artificial person” removes the lawful standing of a Man or Woman. Joinder: When a man or woman “acts” in the “role” of an “artificial person” they are an “accommodation party” invoking “joinder” to that “artificial person”. They are “acting” in a fictional persona. Their jurisdiction changes to that of an “artificial person” and they are therefore bound by the Statutes that control “artificial persons”. When an official asks for your name, address, and date of birth, this is to establish the NAME and address of the “artificial person” – the “person”, and the date it was created or “birthed” (berthed). Men and women are “born”, and have a living “born identity”, which is of no use to an official. Once “joinder” (consent) has been established, the official has jurisdiction and can offer and enforce contracts, imposing violations and fines. An official can obtain jurisdiction over you by asking “Do you understand?” (stand under my authority). Withholding your family name ALWAYS avoids “joinder”, and is your Right in Law. OUR given consent by SILENT acquiescence makes a CONTRACT in commercial law. The statutes, which are not “laws” but contract instruments originally meant to provide common governance to living people by consent, have been corrupted to extract “commercial energy” (credit) from the living people via fictional legal persons. Maxim of Law: Consensus facit legem. Consent makes the law. A contract is a law between the parties, which can acquire force only by consent.
A contract is a voluntary agreement between two or more parties with the intention of creating a legal/lawful obligation. An “express contract” is one which has the terms and conditions specifically stated, orally or in writing. An “implied contract” is one which has the terms and conditions inferred, in whole or in part, from conduct or circumstances rather than from written or spoken words. The only difference between an “implied contract” and an “express contract” is the way that mutual assent is given. Be very careful, because your consent can be obtained by your action or in-action, including your silence (acquiescence). Your consent is PRESUMED by your silence, unless you say: “It ain’t me.”
SILENCE. the State of a person who does not speak, or of one who refrains from speaking.
2. Pure and simple silence cannot be considered as a consent to a contract, except in cases when the silent person is bound in good faith to explain himself, in which case, silence gives consent. [Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition]
Contract Law is based on the precepts of Common Law, which simply oblige men and women not to cause harm or loss, or to deceive other men and women by denying them their Living Rights. Common Law is Common Sense.